Towards a new cold war (Noam Chomsky) [1982]

390 sidor text, 120 sidor fotnoter! Otroligt läsvärd samling med texter från slutet av vietnamkriget och några år in på Reagan-åren. Chomsky hade redan då (vilket förstås var mycket mer provokativt då och framför allt där, i USA) för vana att spegla USAs beteende globalt med Sovjets – byggt på premissen att stormakter beter sig på liknande sätt, vilket är ett legitimt antagande och tankeexercisen lär oss om det skeva och orättvisa (ofta hycklande) i våra ”officiella” ställningar i olika frågor.

[…] El Salvador, the first foreign policy crisis of the Reagan Administration. The United States backed the military coup of October 1979 that replaced the brutal Romero government by a junta that contained some moderate and reformist military officers and civilians. By January, the junta had collapsed in the midst of rising state terrorism, and power shifted to the right-wing military. President Carter decided to send extensive military aid and three ten-man mobile training teams ”aimed at averting indiscriminate repression and creating a ‘clean’ counterinsurgency force.” These decisions were made in defiance of the request from Archbishop Oscar Romero, who pleaded with President Carter to withhold military aid that would ”without doubt intensify injustice and repression” […]


Any student of Orwell should have known what was coming when the War Department was renamed the ”Department of Defense” in 1947.


Truman himself said that he had wanted for several months to ”proclaim the new doctrine when a fitting moment arose,” the opportunity being the Greek crisis. [syftar på 1947, min anm.] […] The New York Times proclaimed that with the Truman Doctrine, ”the epoch of isolation and occasional intervention is ended” and ”is being replaced by an era of American Responsibility.”


NSC 68 (April 1950), a report to the National Security Council proposing a vast program of militarization of the economy. The document calls for ”a rapid and sustained build-up of the political, economic, and military strength of the free world” […] NSC called for a ”rollback” strategy, aiming ”to hasten the decay of the Soviet system.” The United States ”should take dynamic steps to reduce the power and influence of the Kremlin inside the Soviet Union and other areas under its control through ”convert means in the fields of economic warfare and political and psychological warfare with a view to fomenting and supporting unrest and revolt in selected strategic satellite countries” […] ”a large measure of sacrifice and discipline will be demanded of the American people” requiring ”reduction of Federal expenditures for purposes other than defense and foreign assistance, if necessary by the deferment of certain desirable programs” […] Like the Truman Doctrine, this was a proposal awaiting the opportune moment for enactment. The moment arrived with the Korean War […]


Bernays continues, […] ‘The engineering of consent is the very essence of the democratic process, the freedom to persuade and suggest … A leader frequently cannot wait for the people to arrive at even general understanding…’


But the doctrines of the state religion were not able to survive the war in Vietnam, at least among large parts of the population. The result was an ideological crisis. The institutional foundations for the repeated counterrevolutionary intervention of the postwar years remained unshaken, but the doctrinal system that had served to gain support for the crusade against independent development had collapsed.


New York Times commented editorially (August 6, 1954) […] ‘Underdeveloped countries with rich resources now have an object lesson in the heavy cost that must be paid by one of their number which goes berserk with fanatical nationalism.’ [ang. Mossadeghs regering i Iran]


Business Week (April 7, 1975). The editors fear that ”the international economic structure, under which U.S. companies have flourished since the end of World War II, is in jeopardy.” They go on to explain how,

fueled initially by the dollars of the Marshall Plan, American business prospered and expanded on overseas orders despite the cold war, the end of colonialism, and the creation of militant and often anticapitalistic new countries. No matter how negative a development, there was always the umbrella of American power to contain it … The rise of the multinational corporation was the economic expression of this political framework.


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