Hồ Chí Minh – the Nation and the Times 1911-1946 (Phạm Xanh) [2008]

HCM

Efter Oktoberrevolutionen 1917 inrättades internationella universitet dit frihetskämpar från olika delar av världen (Centralasien, Sydostasien, m.m.) studerade för att därefter återvända till sina hemländer och disseminera socialismens idéer. På så vis var grundandena av kommunistpartierna i dessa länder en direkt följd av Sovjetunionens internationella satsning. HCM var dessutom med om grundandet av franska kommunistpartiet och åkte sedermera till Moskva för att studera där, var senare aktiv som mentor vid Huang Pu-akademin i Kina (strax utanför Guangzhou; utbildade också koreanska och förstås kinesiska kadrer) för att återvända till Việt Nam när tyskarnas frammarsch hade destabiliserat franska kolonialmakten i dåvarande Indokina.

‘Indochina Governor General’ varnade för HCM (Nguyễn Ái Quốc på den tiden) i ett brev till koloniministern:

”Nguyễn Ái Quốc has launched an exceptionally clever campaign suitable for the Vietnamese conditions and aimed at revolutionary education of Vietnamese workers and peasants in order that they are united in their fight against French domination.”

HCM om bönderna:

The October Revolution would not have been successful if the Bolshevik Party had failed to mobilize the peasantry under its slogans and lead them in the participation in the struggle to overthrow the administration of the bourgeoisie and establish the dictatorship of the proletariat. If the Bolshevik Party had not adopted a specific policy for the peasants, the czarist army would never have taken sides with the revolution.

Disappointed about the poor performance of the association, Zhang decided to reorganize it by involving the Indochina Communist Party and Việt Minh in it. As a result, Hồ Chí Minh was released in late 1943, because Zhang saw Hồ Chí Minh as a man with daring ideas, extraordinary working capacity, broad knowledge of international affairs, and fluency in Chinese, English and French.

Om tillfällig allians med ”de allierade” (i själva verket USA) i kampen mot japanerna; Việt Minh fick utrustning, vapen, mediciner, och dylikt (framgår ej i vilka mängder). HCM träffade officeren Felan (Air Ground Aid Services, AGAS):

Then Felan sent to AGAS chief Robert Shaplen a report on Hồ Chí Minh and his men. In his report Felan said Hồ Chí Minh had asked him about the beginning sentence of the US Declaration of Independence. Hồ wanted to incorporate it in his [sic] own Declaration of Independence. Felan asserted it seemed Hồ knew about the US Declaration of Independence better than he did. To conclude the report, Felan wrote ”Hồ is a very lovely man. If I have to show any virtue about the little old man sitting on the hills in the jungles, then it is his gentlemanliness.”

President Hồ Chí Minhs brev till FN, 17:e oktober 1945:

First, the absence of  Việt Nam and the presence of France in the committee lead to the assumption that France will represent Vietnamese people at the committee. Such representation lacks both a legal and practical basis. In the legal respect, there is no more obligation between France and Việt Nam: Bảo Đại [den siste kejsaren] has voluntarily abdicated and has handed authority over to the Government of the Democratic Republic of Việt Nam. In fact, the French hand-over of their rule to the Japanese on March 9th has severed all of their administrative connections with Việt Nam, and since August 19th, 1945, the Provisional Government has actually become an independent government in all respects…

Phạm Xanh om Việt Nams svårigheter att få representera sig själva i FN:

Only after 1949, when the Soviet Union began to possess atomic weapons and the Chinese revolution was successful, was there a fairly radical change in the balance of power on the world’s political arena. The change was reflected in the power and organizational structure of the UN… In 1977, 31 years after the sending of the telegram demanding the UN to recognize the independence of Việt Nam and admit it as its member, the Vietnamese nation could march into the UN Headquarters with its head held high. Since then, Việt Nam has gotten its official voice at the forums of this powerful [sic] international [sic] organization [sic].

Om HCM:s ”kultur”:

In cultural terms, this was Hồ Chí Minh’s special feature, which few people possess. ”The man of the future culture” should be perhaps understood as the combination and integration of East and West and old and modern cultures in Hồ Chí Minh, and thereby one may find the way in which Hồ Chí Minh’s cultural ideas were formed. [Min markering.]

Annonser

~ av bookplanet på mars 27, 2012.

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